Your mouth is full of bacteria, and the bacteria combined with mucus and other things in your mouth cause a sticky plaque to develop. While brushing and flossing can help get ride of plaque unremoved plaque turns into tartar, which can only be removed by a dentist.
Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, is usually an early sign of plaque of tartar build up. Having Gingivitis does not necessarily mean you will have periodontitis, however it can be an early warning sign
Common symptoms may include bad breath, red or swollen gums, bleeding gums, loose teeth and receding gums
The goal of treatment is to control and prevent infection. This may include at home care following suggested treatment behaviors as well as performing a deep cleaning by a professional periodontist to remove hard buildup